Costa Rica’s oldest city reopens to tourists after renovation
Its ruins have been restored and more indigenous structures have been unearthed. And now the ancient site of Guayabo has reopened for visitors.
Located in the Turrialba municipality of Cartago, Guayabo now features two new figure-eight-shaped dwellings, a road leading into the town and a plaza and amphitheater thought to be a gathering center for the city’s inhabitants.
The pre-Columbian village was occupied between 1000 and 1400 AD, based on the dating of ceramic pottery found on the site, according to archaeologist Rodolfo Tenorio.
“It’s the best example of conservation in Costa Rica,” Tenorio said in an interview. “It’s the most ancient city in Costa Rica.”
Tenorio said that between 10,000 to 15,000 residents lived in the city while it was active. They ate farmed root plants such as yucca as well as corn and peijbaye. A freshwater fishbone had been uncovered among the ruins, but Tenorio said archaeologists are waiting to find more evidence before concluding that the residents also fished.
Seated high in the mountains near Turrialba Volcano, visitors are also rewarded with gorgeous vistas of the countryside. Tenorio noted that these views explained the settlement’s location, as it was a strategic lookout point.
Archaeologists have been most impressed by channels dug in the ground, which were used as aqueducts. Rocks stacked to build the structures also indicate a sophisticated knowledge of engineering. Tenorio said they have found pottery containing more than four colors, pointing to a complex civilization with distinct classes.
The restored parts include the town’s entrance road, which runs past the two restored dwellings and into the plaza-amphitheater. Continuing past the plaza are larger mounds that formed the base of ancient dwellings, left unrestored.
The site was first discovered in the 19th century, by accident, when the land was being cleared for a coffee plantation. Costa Rica’s Legislative Assembly declared it a national site in 1973.
Residents apparently abandoned the city around 1400, prior to Columbus’ arrival in the Americas. Tenorio said the city’s desertion remains a mystery.
“One hypothesis is that maybe people from other territories invaded, or vice-versa,” Tenorio said.
You may be interested
Costa Rica to restart weekend driving restrictionsAlejandro Zúñiga - April 16, 2021
Costa Rica will restart its weekend daytime driving restrictions beginning this Saturday, April 17. On Saturdays, only vehicles with license…
Costa Rica the right choice for many seeking cardiac careSponsored Content - April 16, 2021
Without insurance, cardiology visits and procedures in the United States can be incredibly expensive. Even with insurance, the cost for…
Costa Rica to meet Mexico in CONCACAF Nations League semifinalAlejandro Zúñiga - April 16, 2021
The Costa Rica men’s national soccer team will face Mexico in Denver as part of the CONCACAF Nations League semifinals.…