• Costa Rica Coffee Guide

Understanding Spanish-language media when learning about the coronavirus

January 11, 2021

Over the past several months, we have introduced you, dear reader, to  tiquismos and costarriqueñismos as part of our “Tico Talk” series. Check out the previous installments here.

As the coronavirus crisis changes life in Costa Rica and elsewhere, it’s more important than ever to have media literacy. Of course, The Tico Times will keep you up-to-date every day, but if you’re also watching Spanish-language news, here are important words and phrases to know:

Understanding Spanish during the pandemic

Anticuerpos: Antibodies.

Aislamiento obligatorio or forzado: Mandatory isolation.

Asintomático: To show no symptoms (asymptomatic).

Autoaislamiento: Self-isolation.

Brote: An outbreak of a disease.

Distanciamiento social: Social distancing.

Encerrado, asilado, enclaustrado or guardado: To be cloistered or locked down  at home.

Enfermedad transmisible or contagiosa: A contagious disease.

Epicentro: Epicenter of an outbreak (like New York City, or Wuhan).

Epidemia: Epidemic.

Epidemiólogo: An epidemiologist, or person who studies diseases.

Escudo or carete protector: A type of facial shield.

Gel sanitizante: Sanitizing gel. Alcohol en gel, gel antibacterial and gel sanitario are also used.

Inmune: Immune.

Inmunidad: Immunity.

Inmunidad de rebaño: Flock or herd immunity.

Jabón antibacterial: Antibacterial soap.

Levantar la cuarentena: To lift a quarantine.

Mantener la distancia social or conservar la distancia: To keep a social distance.

Mascarilla: A small mask to cover the mouth and nose.

Mortífero: Deadly.

Pandemia: Pandemic.

Poner en cuarentena: To quarantine.

Portador: A carrier of a disease.

Propagación, diseminación, extención: The speading of something, like a disease.

Recuperarse, reponerse, curarse or ponerse bien: To recover from an illness.

Resurgimiento: A resurgence of a disease.

Recaída: A relapse.

Reabrir el país: To reopen a country.

Respirador: Respirator, though also often used in reference to ventilators.

Sanitizar: To sanitize, disinfect.

Toser en el lado interior del brazo: Cough on the inside surface of one’s arm. The Health Ministry has also used la parte superior del brazo or antebrazo to describe proper sneezing/coughing protocol.

Toque de queda: A curfew.

Trabajador de salud: Health care worker.

Vacuna: Vaccination.

Ventilador: Ventilator (a machine that helps a patient breathe).

Virólogo: A virologist or person who studies viruses.

Virus: Virus.

Christopher Howard has been conducting monthly relocation/retirement tours and writing retirement guidebooks for more than 30 years. See www.liveincostarica.com.

He has a #1 relocation/retirement blog at: http://www.liveincostarica.com/blog,  is also the author of the  forthcoming 19th edition of “New Golden Door to Retirement and Living in Costa Rica — the official guide to relocation”  and the  one-of-a-kind bestselling e-book, “Guide to Costa Rican Spanish,” that can be purchased through Amazon.

You may be interested

Nearly 100 locations now offer antigen tests for travelers in Costa Rica
Costa Rica
3269 views
Costa Rica
3269 views

Nearly 100 locations now offer antigen tests for travelers in Costa Rica

Alejandro Zúñiga - February 26, 2021

Several countries, including the United States, require that returning travelers test negative for the coronavirus. More than 100 labs in…

Costa Rica Covid-19 information from the U.S. Embassy
Costa Rica
1471 views
Costa Rica
1471 views

Costa Rica Covid-19 information from the U.S. Embassy

The Tico Times - February 26, 2021

The United States Embassy on Friday issued a summary of Costa Rica's coronavirus measures that our readers may find helpful.…

Costa Rica will (finally) support contactless payments on public transport
Costa Rica
1146 views
Costa Rica
1146 views

Costa Rica will (finally) support contactless payments on public transport

Alejandro Zúñiga - February 26, 2021

Costa Rica's next step toward modernizing its public transport system will be to allow contactless payments. The Railway Institute (INCOFER)…