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Why is Wikipedia shutting down Wednesday?

Wikipedia plans to go dark on Wednesday and Google and other websites are also planning protests to voice their concern over legislation in the US Congress intended to crack down on online piracy.

Wikipedia will shut down the English version of the online encyclopedia for 24 hours at 11 p.m. Costa Rica time to protest the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) introduced in the House of Representatives and the Senate version, the Protect IP Act (PIPA).

Google plans to use its much-visited U.S. home page to draw attention to the bills while social news site reddit and the popular Cheezburger humor network plan to join Wikipedia in blacking out their sites.

The draft legislation has won the backing of Hollywood, the music industry, the Business Software Alliance, the National Association of Manufacturers and the US Chamber of Commerce.

But it has come under fire from digital rights and free speech organizations for allegedly paving the way for US authorities to shut down websites accused of online piracy, including foreign sites, without due process and threatening the technical architecture of the Internet.

The founders of Google, Twitter, Wikipedia, Yahoo! and other Internet giants said in an open letter last month the legislation would give the US government “the power to censor the Web using techniques similar to those used by China, Malaysia and Iran.”

“Like many businesses, entrepreneurs and Web users, we oppose these bills because there are smart, targeted ways to shut down foreign rogue websites without asking American companies to censor the Internet,” a Google spokesman said Tuesday.

“So tomorrow we will be joining many other tech companies to highlight this issue on our U.S. home page,” the spokesman for the Internet search giant said.

Reddit said it will shut down for 12 hours – from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. – to protest the legislation.

“We wouldn’t do this if we didn’t believe this legislation and the forces behind it were a serious threat to reddit and the Internet as we know it,” reddit said. “The freedom, innovation, and economic opportunity that the Internet enables is in jeopardy.”

Ben Huh, the founder of Cheezburger network, said on his Twitter feed that his 58 sites, which include, FAIL Blog and The Daily What, will observe a blackout Wednesday.

Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales announced plans to shut down the site in a message on his Twitter feed.

‘Free online knowledge site Wikipedia will shut down for 24 hours later this week in protest at draft anti-online piracy legislation before the US Congress, founder Jimmy Wales said Monday on Twitter.

“Student warning! Do your homework early. Wikipedia protesting bad law on Wednesday!” Wales said on the microblogging site.

“’Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.’MLK – on Wednesday, Wikipedia demands,” Wales said, citing slain U.S. civil rights leader Martin Luther King.

Wales said Wikipedia would go dark for a full 24 hours in English, saying: “Final details under consideration but consensus seems to be for ‘full’ rather than ‘soft’ blackout!”

“This is going to be wow. I hope Wikipedia will melt phone systems in Washington on Wednesday. Tell everyone you know!” he said.

Volunteer-staffed Wikipedia turned 11 years old on January 15th and boasts being the largest encyclopedia in history with more than 20 million articles in 282 languages.


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