Costa Rica Coffee Guide

Tsunamis in Central America

August 17, 2007

Tsunamis, or tidal waves, result from an imbalance in ocean waters generated by abrupt disturbances on the marine floor from volcanic eruptions, underwater landslides, meteorite impacts or earthquakes, usually of magnitude 7 or higher (TT, Jan. 7, 2005).

Since 1539, 49 tidal waves have been documented in Central America, only nine of which have caused significant destruction, killing a total 455 people. The Pacific coast has been the hardest hit, weathering 37 big waves, while 12 have hit the Caribbean.

Guatemala and Nicaragua are at the highest risk for tidal waves, though 15 small tidal waves created by earthquakes have struck Costa Rican shores, five on the Caribbean coast and 10 on the Pacific.

The most destructive wave demolished Villa Golfo Dulce in the southern Pacific zone in 1854, and was caused by a strong quake. The 1992 Nicaragua tsunami lapped Costa Rica’s northern Pacific coast, but caused little damage there, mostly to boats and bridges.

 

You may be interested

Costa Rica Coffee Culture at a Crossroads
Coffee
4 views
Coffee
4 views

Costa Rica Coffee Culture at a Crossroads

Steve Hodel - September 27, 2020

The traditional cafe society in Costa Rica has reached a cultural crossroads. Older generations of coffee drinking traditionalists are crossing…

International rejection grows against project that threatens NGOs and journalists in Nicaragua
Costa Rica
784 views
Costa Rica
784 views

International rejection grows against project that threatens NGOs and journalists in Nicaragua

Julia RIOS / AFP - September 27, 2020

International rejection against a bill considered threatening to journalists and human rights defenders in Nicaragua increased Friday with demands that…

Slothy Sunday: Meet the sloth moms, released and thriving
Sloth Sundays
1771 views
Sloth Sundays
1771 views

Slothy Sunday: Meet the sloth moms, released and thriving

Rachael Griffiths / Toucan Rescue Ranch - September 27, 2020

This Sloth Sunday is dedicated to the released two-fingered sloth moms that have been prospering since being in Toucan Rescue Ranch’s…