Costa Rican President Oscar Arias said this week the U.S. financial crisis will cause increased poverty in Latin America.
“If such a big, powerful economy has difficulties, that is clearly going to affect Latin America, which is very dependent on the United States,” Arias said in an interview on San José’s Radio Monumental. “If the United States is poorer, it will buy fewer products from us, the companies will invest less, and fewer tourists will come here.”
The effects of the crisis are already being felt in Costa Rica because Lehman Brothers investment bank, which has declared bankruptcy, was financing an $800 million project here that will no longer be carried out.
The U.S. House of Representatives on Monday voted down a plan for a $700 billion bailout of troubled Wall Street firms, though legislative leaders said they will keep trying this week to pass some kind of rescue for the financial sector, which has been seized by a lack of liquidity.
While agreeing that the U.S. government should help the financial sector, Arias criticized the ease with which such huge sums are available for the financial crisis yet “how difficult it is to increase aid for the development” of poor countries.
He noted the $700 billion, added to $300 billion the U.S. has already given some companies to save them from bankruptcy, represents 10 times more aid than the world gives to developing countries populated by some 1.4 billion people.
Arias said leftist-ruled Venezuela provides “four or five times” more aid to Latin America than Washington does.
“That’s the truth, and I’m not making any value judgment,” Arias said a day after U.S. Ambassador to Costa Rica Peter Cianchette was quoted in the daily La Nación as being “surprised” at Arias’ recent praise for Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez.
“(Chávez) has put into practice projects to finance petroleum sales to countries that buy oil from Venezuela and, for better or for worse, if that is an advantage for the people of Costa Rica, I’m going to join PetroCaribe because I was elected to protect Costa Rican interests,” Arias said.
PetroCaribe is an initiative under which Caracas supplies crude on generous terms to 17 developing nations in the Caribbean and Central America.
Cianchette also said he hoped Costa Rican membership in PetroCaribe “would not lead to other situations.”
“Membership in PetroCaribe means nothing more than that. It does not mean joining ALBA,” Arias told Radio Monumental, referring to the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, Chávez’s regional alliance.