• Costa Rica Real Estate

Costa Rica juggles jaguars and dam construction with matching grant

July 14, 2015

Hydroelectric dam construction and conservation have historically been at odds worldwide. But Costa Rica thinks it can do both. The government announced a one-of-a-kind matching grant program Tuesday designed to protect a jaguar migration corridor near the site of what will be the largest hydroelectric dam in Central America.

By encouraging farmers and landowners to maintain their forests, the National Fund for Financing Forestry (FONAFIFO) and the Environment Ministry hope that the corridor will contribute to stronger genetic diversity of the big cats and other wildlife, while mitigating the environmental impact of the dam’s construction. The first 18 contracts covering a total of 325 hectares are to be signed on Thursday.

The state-run Costa Rican Electricity Institute (ICE) announced it would match up to $1.6 million in environmental service payments made by FONAFIFO within a 804-hectare biological corridor at the tail end of the Reventazón hydroelectric dam reservoir in Siquirres.

Reventazón hydroelectric project
ICE estimates that the Reventazón hydroelectric dam will begin supplying electricity in time for the dry season in 2016. (Courtesy of ICE)

Along with the matching grant, ICE agreed to plant 34,000 trees in the area.

FONAFIFO uses payment for environmental services to incentivize private landholders to maintain or reforest their land in exchange for modest annual payments. But FONAFIFO Director Jorge Mario Rodríguez said the fund’s $30 million annual budget for the entire country is not enough to involve all those who want to participate.

Plus, payment for environmental services often doesn’t pay landowners enough to make it worth their while, said Irene Cañas, vice minister of energy.

“Participation from ICE should help make this option more attractive,” Cañas said.

Mitigating the environmental impact of the dam will not be easy. The 130-meter-high dam will contain 9 million cubic meters of material and handle up to 118 million cubic meters of water from the Reventazón river.

The 305.5-megawatt plant will provide electricity to an estimated 525,000 homes. When complete, it will be the largest dam in Central America.

Over 80 percent of Costa Rica’s electrical generation comes from dams.

Recommended: Costa Rica’s renewable energy streak is still going, but what does that really mean?

Allan Retana, chief environmental manager for the Reventazón hydroelectric project, said that the corridor slated for conservation was identified as the shortest distance between two important ecosystems. Besides encouraging landowners to maintain their forests, ICE is supporting environmental education and conflict resolution for ranchers who lose livestock to jaguars, Retana said.

“We see this as a unique opportunity to show that development and wildlife can go together hand in hand,” Retana said.

Facebook Comments

You may be interested

Google recognizes Independence Day with Costa Rican flag
Independence Day
1689 views
Independence Day
1689 views

Google recognizes Independence Day with Costa Rican flag

The Tico Times - September 15, 2019

The search engine giant is recognizing Costa Rica with a Google doodle honoring today's holiday. Today, in honor of Independence…

Costa Rica celebrates Independence Day
Costa Rica
28 views
Costa Rica
28 views

Costa Rica celebrates Independence Day

The Tico Times - September 15, 2019

Happy Independence Day from all of us at The Tico Times! Today, Costa Rica celebrates 198 years of independence. It's…

Watch: Keylor Navas makes big save, posts clean sheet in PSG debut
Keylor Navas
140 views
Keylor Navas
140 views

Watch: Keylor Navas makes big save, posts clean sheet in PSG debut

Alejandro Zúñiga - September 14, 2019

Keylor Navas posted a clean sheet as part of an impressive debut with PSG on Saturday. The Costa Rican goalkeeper…

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!